IDEA-PART B FINAL REGULATIONS*
DEFINITION OF "DAY, BUSINESS DAY, SCHOOL DAY"
Adding Definitions of "Business Day" and "School Day."
The proposed definition of "day" in the NPRM has been retitled "Day; business day; school day," and amended to add definitions of the new terms, as follows:
Why Definitions Needed.
Definitions of "business day" and "school day" are needed to implement changes made to Part B by the IDEA Amendments of 1997 (P.L. 105-17). Both terms were added by P.L. 105-17, and were referred to in the proposed definition of "day" (i.e., "means calendar day unless otherwise indicated as school day or business day."). However, the terms were not defined in the NPRM. Based on extensive public comments received requesting definitions of the two terms, and to avoid confusion and ensure that "business day" and "school day" are consistently interpreted by parents and school officials within each school district from State to State, it is important to include definitions of the terms in the final regulations.
Retaining "day" to mean "calendar day."
Except for the change described in footnote 2, below, the NPRM definition of "day" as "calendar day" has been retained in the final regulations, to preserve the timelines that affect the rights of parents and children (e.g. timelines in §300.343 -- related to holding an initial IEP meeting for a child); and in the procedural safeguards in §300.511(a) and (b) (timelines for hearings and reviews); and §300.562(a) (access rights relating to records)). All other timelines in the NPRM have been retained as "calendar days" in the final regulations, including --
Most of these timelines have been in effect since the initial regulations were published in 1977.
2 - The provision in §300.509(a)(3) of the NPRM (which prohibited the introduction of any evidence not been disclosed at least 5 days before a hearing) has been changed to "5 business days," to avoid confusion resulting from having two separate time frames for pre-hearing disclosure in §300.509(b)(1) and ((a)(3) (i.e., 5 days and 5 business days), which could lead to additional litigation costs. The intent of pre-hearing disclosure is to avoid surprise by either party at the hearing.
This document was prepared by OSEP. It has been formatted by Education Development Center, Inc, for the IDEA Practices web site, a service of the OSEP-funded ASPIIRE and ILIAD Linking Partnership Projects at The Council for Exceptional Children. The material was transferred to the discover IDEA CD 2002 by the Western Regional Resource Center. Every attempt has been made to faithfully reproduce the original content.