View this page without frames
Contents for regulations
34 CFR Part
300, Assistance to States for the Education of Children With
(Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)
Purposes, Applicability, and Regulations That Apply to This Program
The purposes of this part are-
(a) To ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for employment and independent living;
(b) To ensure that the rights of children with disabilities and their parents are protected;
(c) To assist States, localities, educational service agencies, and Federal agencies to provide for the education of all children with disabilities; and
(d) To assess and ensure the effectiveness of efforts to educate children with disabilities.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1400 note)
§300.2 Applicability of this part to State, local, and private agencies.
(a) States. This part applies to each State that receives payments under Part B of the Act.
(b) Public agencies within the State. The provisions of this part-
(ii) Local educational agencies (LEAs), educational service agencies (ESAs), and public charter schools that are not otherwise included as LEAs or ESAs and are not a school of an LEA or ESA;
(iii) Other State agencies and schools (such as Departments of Mental Health and Welfare and State schools for children with deafness or children with blindness);
(iv) State and local juvenile and adult correctional facilities; and
(2) Are binding on each public agency in the State that provides special education and related services to children with disabilities, regardless of whether that agency is receiving funds under Part B.
(c) Private schools and facilities. Each public agency in the State is responsible for ensuring that the rights and protections under Part B of the Act are given to children with disabilities-
(2) Placed in private schools by their parents under the provisions of §300.403(c).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412)
§300.3 Regulations that apply.
The following regulations apply to this program:
(a) 34 CFR part 76 (State-Administered Programs) except for §§76.125-76.137 and 76.650-76.662.
(b) 34 CFR part 77 (Definitions).
(c) 34 CFR part 79 (Intergovernmental Review of Department of Education Programs and Activities).
(d) 34 CFR part 80 (Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments).
(e) 34 CFR part 81 (General Education Provisions Act- Enforcement).
(f) 34 CFR part 82 (New Restrictions on Lobbying).
(g) 34 CFR part 85 (Government-wide Debarment and Suspension (Nonprocurement) and Government-wide Requirements for Drug-Free Workplace (Grants)).
(h) The regulations in this part-34 CFR part 300 (Assistance for Education of Children with Disabilities).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1221e-3(a)(1))
Definitions Used In This Part
As used in this part, Act means the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), as amended.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1400(a))
§300.5 Assistive technology device.
As used in this part, Assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(1))
§300.6 Assistive technology service.
As used in this part, Assistive technology service means any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.
The term includes-
(a) The evaluation of the needs of a child with a disability, including a functional evaluation of the child in the child's customary environment;
(b) Purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of assistive technology devices by children with disabilities;
(c) Selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing assistive technology devices;
(d) Coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs;
(e) Training or technical assistance for a child with a disability or, if appropriate, that child's family; and
(f) Training or technical assistance for professionals (including individuals providing education or rehabilitation services), employers, or other individuals who provide services to, employ, or are otherwise substantially involved in the major life functions of that child.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(2))
§300.7 Child with a disability.
(ii) If, consistent with §300.26(a)(2), the related service required by the child is considered special education rather than a related service under State standards, the child would be determined to be a child with a disability under paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
(b) Children aged 3 through 9 experiencing developmental delays. The term child with a disability for children aged 3 through 9 may, at the discretion of the State and LEA and in accordance with §300.313, include a child-
(2) Who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services.
(c) Definitions of disability terms. The terms used in this definition are defined as follows:
(ii) A child who manifests the characteristics of "autism" after age 3 could be diagnosed as having "autism" if the criteria in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section are satisfied.
(2) Deaf-blindness means concomitant hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.
(3) Deafness means a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
(4) Emotional disturbance is defined as follows:
(B) An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.
(C) Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances.
(D) A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
(E) A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
(ii) The term includes schizophrenia. The term does not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they have an emotional disturbance.
(5) Hearing impairment means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this section.
(6) Mental retardation means significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
(7) Multiple disabilities means concomitant impairments (such as mental retardation-blindness, mental retardation-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.
(8) Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly (e.g., clubfoot, absence of some member, etc.), impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).
(9) Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that-
(ii) Adversely affects a child's educational performance.
(10) Specific learning disability is defined as follows:
(ii) Disorders not included. The term does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.
(11) Speech or language impairment means a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
(12) Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.
(13) Visual impairment including blindness means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(3)(A) and (B); 1401(26))
As used in this part, the term consent has the meaning given that term in §300.500(b)(1).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1415(a))
§300.9 Day; business day; school day.
As used in this part, the term-
(a) Day means calendar day unless otherwise indicated as business day or school day;
(b) Business day means Monday through Friday, except for Federal and State holidays (unless holidays are specifically included in the designation of business day, as in §300.403(d)(1)(ii)); and
(2) The term school day has the same meaning for all children in school, including children with and without disabilities.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1221e-3)
§300.10 Educational service agency.
As used in this part, the term educational service agency-
(a) Means a regional public multiservice agency-
(2) Recognized as an administrative agency for purposes of the provision of special education and related services provided within public elementary and secondary schools of the State;
(b) Includes any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction over a public elementary or secondary school; and
(c) Includes entities that meet the definition of intermediate educational unit in section 602(23) of IDEA as in effect prior to June 4, 1997.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(4))
As used in this part, the term equipment means-
(a) Machinery, utilities, and built-in equipment and any necessary enclosures or structures to house the machinery, utilities, or equipment; and
(b) All other items necessary for the functioning of a particular facility as a facility for the provision of educational services, including items such as instructional equipment and necessary furniture; printed, published and audio- visual instructional materials; telecommunications, sensory, and other technological aids and devices; and books, periodicals, documents, and other related materials.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(6))
As used in this part, the term evaluation has the meaning given that term in §300.500(b)(2).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1415(a))
§300.13 Free appropriate public education.
As used in this part, the term free appropriate public education or FAPE means special education and related services that-
(a) Are provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction, and without charge;
(b) Meet the standards of the SEA, including the requirements of this part;
(c) Include preschool, elementary school, or secondary school education in the State; and
(d) Are provided in conformity with an individualized education program (IEP) that meets the requirements of §§300.340-300.350.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(8))
As used in this part, the term include means that the items named are not all of the possible items that are covered, whether like or unlike the ones named.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1221e-3)
§300.15 Individualized education program.
As used in this part, the term individualized education program or IEP has the meaning given the term in §300.340(a).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(11))
§300.16 Individualized education program team.
As used in this part, the term individualized education program team or IEP team means a group of individuals described in §300.344 that is responsible for developing, reviewing, or revising an IEP for a child with a disability.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1221e-3)
§300.17 Individualized family service plan.
As used in this part, the term individualized family service plan or IFSP has the meaning given the term in 34 CFR 303.340(b).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(12))
§300.18 Local educational agency.
(a) As used in this part, the term local educational agency means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a State for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a State, or for a combination of school districts or counties as are recognized in a State as an administrative agency for its public elementary or secondary schools.
(b) The term includes-
(2) Any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary or secondary school, including a public charter school that is established as an LEA under State law; and
(3) An elementary or secondary school funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and not subject to the jurisdiction of any SEA other than the Bureau of Indian Affairs, but only to the extent that the inclusion makes the school eligible for programs for which specific eligibility is not provided to the school in another provision of law and the school does not have a student population that is smaller than the student population of the LEA receiving assistance under this Act with the smallest student population.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(15))
§300.19 Native language.
(a) As used in this part, the term native language, if used with reference to an individual of limited English proficiency, means the following:
(2) In all direct contact with a child (including evaluation of the child), the language normally used by the child in the home or learning environment.
(b) For an individual with deafness or blindness, or for an individual with no written language, the mode of communication
is that normally used by the individual (such as sign language, braille, or oral communication).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(16))
(a) General. As used in this part, the term parent means-
(2) A guardian but not the State if the child is a ward of the State;
(3) A person acting in the place of a parent (such as a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or a person who is legally responsible for the child's welfare); or
(4) A surrogate parent who has been appointed in accordance with §300.515.
(b) Foster parent. Unless State law prohibits a foster parent from acting as a parent, a State may allow a foster parent to act as a parent under Part B of the Act if-
(2) The foster parent-
(ii) Is willing to make the educational decisions required of parents under the Act; and
(iii) Has no interest that would conflict with the interests of the child.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(19))
§300.21 Personally identifiable.
As used in this part, the term personally identifiable has the meaning given that term in §300.500(b)(3).
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1415(a))
§300.22 Public agency.
As used in this part, the term public agency includes the SEA, LEAs, ESAs, public charter schools that are not otherwise included as LEAs or ESAs and are not a school of an LEA or ESA, and any other political subdivisions of the State that are responsible for providing education to children with disabilities.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1)(A), (a)(11))
§300.23 Qualified personnel.
As used in this part, the term qualified personnel means personnel who have met SEA-approved or SEA-recognized certification, licensing, registration, or other comparable requirements that apply to the area in which the individuals are providing special education or related services.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1221e-3)
§300.24 Related services.
(a) General. As used in this part, the term related services means transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech-language pathology and audiology services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. The term also includes school health services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training.
(b) Individual terms defined. The terms used in this definition are defined as follows:
(ii) Determination of the range, nature, and degree of hearing loss, including referral for medical or other professional attention for the habilitation of hearing;
(iii) Provision of habilitative activities, such as language habilitation, auditory training, speech reading (lip-reading), hearing evaluation, and speech conservation;
(iv) Creation and administration of programs for prevention of hearing loss;
(v) Counseling and guidance of children, parents, and teachers regarding hearing loss; and
(vi) Determination of children's needs for group and individual amplification, selecting and fitting an appropriate aid, and evaluating the effectiveness of amplification.
(2) Counseling services means services provided by qualified social workers, psychologists, guidance counselors, or other qualified personnel.
(3) Early identification and assessment of disabilities in children means the implementation of a formal plan for identifying a disability as early as possible in a child's life.
(4) Medical services means services provided by a licensed physician to determine a child's medically related disability that results in the child's need for special education and related services.
(5) Occupational therapy-
(B) Improving ability to perform tasks for independent functioning if functions are impaired or lost; and
(C) Preventing, through early intervention, initial or further impairment or loss of function.
(6) Orientation and mobility services-
(ii) Includes teaching students the following, as appropriate:
(B) To use the long cane to supplement visual travel skills or as a tool for safely negotiating the environment for students with no available travel vision;
(C) To understand and use remaining vision and distance low vision aids; and
(D) Other concepts, techniques, and tools.
(7) Parent counseling and training means-
(ii) Providing parents with information about child development; and
(iii) Helping parents to acquire the necessary skills that will allow them to support the implementation of their child's IEP or IFSP.
(8) Physical therapy means services provided by a qualified physical therapist.
(9) Psychological services includes-
(ii) Interpreting assessment results;
(iii) Obtaining, integrating, and interpreting information about child behavior and conditions relating to learning;
(iv) Consulting with other staff members in planning school programs to meet the special needs of children as indicated by psychological tests, interviews, and behavioral evaluations;
(v) Planning and managing a program of psychological services, including psychological counseling for children and parents; and
(vi) Assisting in developing positive behavioral intervention strategies.
(10) Recreation includes-
(ii) Therapeutic recreation services;
(iii) Recreation programs in schools and community agencies; and
(iv) Leisure education.
(11) Rehabilitation counseling services means services provided by qualified personnel in individual or group sessions that focus specifically on career development, employment preparation, achieving independence, and integration in the workplace and community of a student with a disability. The term also includes vocational rehabilitation services provided to a student with disabilities by vocational rehabilitation programs funded under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.
(12) School health services means services provided by a qualified school nurse or other qualified person.
(13) Social work services in schools includes-
(ii) Group and individual counseling with the child and family;
(iii) Working in partnership with parents and others on those problems in a child's living situation (home, school, and community) that affect the child's adjustment in school;
(iv) Mobilizing school and community resources to enable the child to learn as effectively as possible in his or her educational program; and
(v) Assisting in developing positive behavioral intervention strategies.
(14) Speech-language pathology services includes-
(ii) Diagnosis and appraisal of specific speech or language impairments;
(iii) Referral for medical or other professional attention necessary for the habilitation of speech or language impairments;
(iv) Provision of speech and language services for the habilitation or prevention of communicative impairments; and
(v) Counseling and guidance of parents, children, and teachers regarding speech and language impairments.
(15) Transportation includes-
(ii) Travel in and around school buildings; and
(iii) Specialized equipment (such as special or adapted buses, lifts, and ramps), if required to provide special transportation for a child with a disability.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(22))
§300.25 Secondary school.
As used in this part, the term secondary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school that provides secondary education, as determined under State law, except that it does not include any education beyond grade 12.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(23))
§300.26 Special education.
(ii) Instruction in physical education.
(2) The term includes each of the following, if it meets the requirements of paragraph (a)(1) of this section:
(ii) Travel training; and
(iii) Vocational education.
(b) Individual terms defined. The terms in this definition are defined as follows:
(2) Physical education-
(B) Fundamental motor skills and patterns; and
(C) Skills in aquatics, dance, and individual and group games and sports (including intramural and lifetime sports); and
(ii) Includes special physical education, adapted physical education, movement education, and motor development.
(3) Specially-designed instruction means adapting, as appropriate to the needs of an eligible child under this part, the content, methodology, or delivery of instruction-
(ii) To ensure access of the child to the general curriculum, so that he or she can meet the educational standards within the jurisdiction of the public agency that apply to all children.
(4) Travel training means providing instruction, as appropriate, to children with significant cognitive disabilities, and any other children with disabilities who require this instruction, to enable them to-
(ii) Learn the skills necessary to move effectively and safely from place to place within that environment (e.g., in school, in the home, at work, and in the community).
(5) Vocational education means organized educational programs that are directly related to the preparation of individuals for paid or unpaid employment, or for additional preparation for a career requiring other than a baccalaureate or advanced degree.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(25))
As used in this part, the term State means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and each of the outlying areas.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(27))
§300.28 Supplementary aids and services.
As used in this part, the term supplementary aids and services means, aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes or other education-related settings to enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate in accordance with §§300.550-300.556.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(29))
§300.29 Transition services.
(a) As used in this part, transition services means a coordinated set of activities for a student with a disability that-
(2) Is based on the individual student's needs, taking into account the student's preferences and interests; and
(ii) Related services;
(iii) Community experiences;
(iv) The development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives; and
(v) If appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation.
(b) Transition services for students with disabilities may be special education, if provided as specially designed instruction, or related services, if required to assist a student with a disability to benefit from special education.
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(30))
§300.30 Definitions in EDGAR.
The following terms used in this part are defined in 34 CFR 77.1:
State educational agency
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1221e-3(a)(1))
These Final Regulations were taken from the Federal Register. They were formatted by Education Development Center, Inc. for the IDEA Practices web site, a service of the OSEP-funded ASPIIRE and ILIAD IDEA Partnership Projects at The Council for Exceptional Children. The material was transferred to the discover IDEA CD 2002 by the Western Regional Resource Center. Every attempt has been made to faithfully reproduce the original content of the Regulations.
Continue to Subpart B
Table of Contents for regulations